What is  Primary Health Care?

• Primary health care (PHC) refers to "essential health care" that is based on scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology, which make universal health care universally accessible to individuals and families in a community. It is through their full participation and at a cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination".


The State Immunization Unit is supported by the following Government, International and Local Agency/partners namely;

1.National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA)

2.World Health Organization (WHO)

3.United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)

4.Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)

5.Dangote Foundation (DF)

6.United States Agency For International Development (USAID) through MCSP (Maternal and Child Survival Program).

7.Center for Disease Control –Nigeria Stop Polio Program(CDC-NSTOP)

8.eHealth Africa

Solina Health Group 

10. European Union Strengthening Immunization Governance in Nigeria (EU-SIGN)

11.  Community Health Research Initiative (CHR)

12.Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI)

13.Syndicate in Supporting Women and Children Health (SISWACHI)

Immunization is one of the eight (8) essential components of Primary Health care

• Immunization is the back bone of Primary Health care services. The Stronger the Immunization Services the Stronger the Primary health care System the Weaker the immunization services the weaker the Primary health care System.

•The BSPHCDA is managed by Executive Chairman and Board Members. The agency has 4 Directorates

1. Administration and Finance

2. Planning Research and Statistics

3. Disease  Control and Immunization

4. Primary Health Care


• The immunization Services are managed by the Director of  Disease Control and Immunization assisted by Deputy Director Immunization.

The State Immunization Program can be categorized into 3 sub programs namely;

1.Routine Immunization(RI)

2.Global Polio Eradication Initiative(GPEI) Program

Non-Polio Supplemental Immunization Activities (SIA)

Routine Immunization is the sum of human and logistical activities/events to ensure the regular delivery & uptake of vaccines & the monitoring of their positive & adverse impact •

It  implies the "regular" delivery, i.e. a known schedule of EPI vaccines during Fixed posts &/or outreach and mobile

 The goal is to provide needed vaccines to all eligible persons [0-11month] with potent vaccines as at when due according to schedule.

Name of the Disease

Name of the Vaccine



BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin



OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)


Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B /Penta Vaccine



DPT/Penta Vaccine


Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

DPT/Penta Vaccine



DPT/Penta Vaccine


Heamophilus Influenza type b

Penta Vaccine



Measles Vaccine


Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever Vaccine



PCV Vaccine



Rota Vaccine




BCG, OPV0**, HepB0*

6 weeks

OPV1, Pentavalent 1, PCV1***, Rota 1

10 weeks

OPV2, Pentavalent 2, PCV2, Rota 2

14 weeks

OPV3, Pentavalent 3, PCV3, IPV****

9 months

Measles, Yellow fever

Bauchi State is among the Poor performing States in terms of Immunization with less than 15% of children immunized. (DHS 2013)

• Further research revealed the Main Challenges affecting Routine Immunization  in the State

Bauchi State is among the Poor performing States in terms of Immunization with less than 15% of children immunized. (DHS 2013)

• Further research revealed the Main Challenges affecting Routine Immunization  in the State

The main challenges are;

1.Poor Cold chain Equipment.

2.Inadequate Funding

3.Poor Access

4.Low demand

•  This findings became the basis for development of Quadri-Partite MOU for Strengthening Routine Immunization in Bauchi State.

• On 24th June 2014 an MOU to strengthen RI in Bauchi State by the following;

1.Bauchi State Government

2.Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)

3.Dangote Foundation (DF) and

4.United States Agency for International Development (USAID) 

The USAID contribution to the MOU is technical assistance while the other Partners both Technical and Financial.

• Immediately after the signing of the MOU State Harmonized RI Work Plan for 2014-2015 was developed the implementation was commenced on 1st October 2014. 


Visit us at: Ministry of Health, Bello Kirfi Road, G.R.A Bauchi State Nigeria.

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